Pearls are the world's only organic gem and are composed of calcium carbonate. This means special attention is required to ensure pearls will stay beautiful and last a lifetime. Quality pearls are durable, but proper care is necessary to keep them beautiful and lustrous.
Pearls Require Special Care
Because pearls are an organic gemstone, they are somewhat different from other gemstones and precious metals. They are softer and more delicate, and they can therefore be more easily scratched, cracked, and damaged. In addition, substances such as perfume and hair spray -and even natural body oils and perspiration -can dull pearls' luster or cloud their brilliance. For these reasons, your pearls may require a bit of special care. Keep pearls away from chlorine bleach, vinegar, ammonia, hairspray, perfume, and cosmetics, as these substances will damage the pearl surface.
Be Careful With Cosmetics And Your Pearls
Make sure to put pearls on after you have finished spraying perfume or hairspray and putting on makeup. Also, remove pearls before exercising to keep them away from perspiration, this way, you can minimize the amount of these products that comes into contact with the pearls. Be very careful with substances as they will eat holes in the pearl nacre. After wearing your pearls, wipe them with a soft damp cloth to remove any traces of cosmetic products or body oils. Wash pearls periodically with mild soap (NOT detergent) and a soft cloth. When finished washing the pearls, rinse them in clean water and wrap them in a thin, damp cotton towel to dry. If the pearls are especially dirty, wipe the pearl with acetone polish remover. Acetone will not hurt pearls. DO NOT use jewellery cleaners with ammonia or vinegar in them.
Store Your Pearls Separately
Because of their delicacy, pearls should be stored separately, away from other objects or jewellery that may scratch or damage the pearls’ surface. If possible, store them wrapped in soft cloth, linen or in a soft-lined container, pouch, or jewellery box. Do NOT store pearls in an airtight package such as a plastic bag because pearls need moisture. If the environment is too dry, the pearls may crack. If placing the pearls in a safety deposit box or in a hot environment, leave a damp cloth nearby.